Alternative Sexuality: Cramer et al. defined alternative sexuality as an inclusive term embracing “Bondage, Dominance/submission & Sadomasochism (BDSM), kink and polyamory communities” (Cramer et al. 2020, para 1).
Counselors-in-training are defined as students in any graduate clinical program on the masters or doctoral level. Or recent graduates seeking initial licensure
Kink: Pitagora (2016) wrote that the term kink is synonymous with BDSM but then adds additional behaviors to her definition, including "power exchange, the administration and receiving of pain, physical restriction, psychological humiliation, and the incorporation of fetishism, voyeurism, exhibitionism, and role-play scenarios" (Pitagora, 2016, p. 2).
Self-Efficacy: Bandura (1982) explicitly links self-efficacy in having a direct influence on future behavior. Bandura (1982) used self-efficacy as personal confidence to influence and shape their behavior.
Counselor Self-Efficacy: Larson et al., defined counseling self-efficacy (CSE) as “one’s beliefs or judgments about her or his capabilities to effectively counsel a client in the near future” (Larson et al., 1998, p. 180).
Consensual Non-Monogramy (CSN): CSN may include diverse relationships such as multiple romantic relationships, sexual-romantic relationships, or multiple sexual relationships or any variety of iterations (Moors et al., 2021
Supervision: Bernard and Goodyear (2019, p. 2) define supervision as “the instructional strategy that most characterizes the preparation of mental health professionals.”
Edwards Capella IRB number 2022-877
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